What’s the Difference?

Photo by Nick Morrison on Unsplash

Paraphrasing is not the act of summarizing a story or idea. Paraphrasing is the successful conversion of a subject into a writer’s own thoughts and words. As a practice, paraphrasing requires mastery of a subject. Without mastery of the knowledge, a writer will only repeat the idea using synonyms to restate the concept. An example of lack of subject mastery is readily seen in student passage:

Yet the resulting information can be warped for five reasons: ending a study too soon, not publishing negative results, publishing results too early, skimming over or ignoring drawbacks, and “buffing” the results by showing…


Why is benchmarking Important in public policy formulation?

All articles are written or co-written by Vincent Triola

Photo by Christopher Burns on Unsplash

Benchmarking is the process of comparing one’s business processes and performance metrics to industry bests and/or best practices from other industries. Dimensions typically measured are quality, time, and cost. Improvements from learning mean doing things better, faster, and cheaper.

Competitive comparisons have become popular in the public sector. As a result, benchmarking has become an important instrument of local government reforms. Local services are usually measured against some generic model of excellence or compared to those provided by local authorities within a similar context. However, most of the benchmarking criteria, models…


The Significance of the Model in Democracy

All articles are written or co-written by Vincent Triola

Photo by Unseen Histories on Unsplash

The pluralist model of democracy was designed to explain the function of democracy in spite of limited political interest or participation. The pluralistic model is based on the philosophy of pluralism which states that people often form groups in accordance with economic, religious, ethnic, or cultural interests or similarities. Institutions are formed through and thrive in group participation. In example, people with similar interests form interest groups to sway politicians to with their interests.

The pluralist model of democracy is significant because its interpretation of government and the interpretation of democratic…


Why Public Administrators Need to Be More Transparent When Dealing With Constituents And Stakeholders

Photo by Katie Moum on Unsplash

Consumers are treated differently in the private sector than the public sector for a variety of reasons. Privately owned businesses are more intimate and require more customer service because the business relies more heavily on customers. In the public sector, a public service tend to lack customer service skills since the service being offered is seen as necessity for the customer. This defines the difference between private and sector services in that private sector is dependent upon the customer and public sector is not. This is root problem in the public sector that goes to the heart of inefficiency and…


Public & Private Sector Policy-making Processes

All articles are written or co-written by Vincent Triola

Photo by Brandon Mowinkel on Unsplash

Constituents are a measure of government quality because people help to determine the overall success of programs, services, and businesses. When constituents’ are pleased with the services provided this seems to be indicative of a well-run program. However, this is only one measure of program or policy success. Other factors must be taken into account such policy outputs, financial success vs. number of outputs, and efficiency.

The differences between public and private sector policy-making processes is that public policy making must take into considerations such as policy standards, how clients are…


The Need for a Public Policy Environment

All articles are written or co-written by Vincent Triola

Photo by Aditya Joshi on Unsplash

According to Hidano (2002) “Public policy refers to the range of decisions and actions that governments take to address public problems. Public policy analysis evaluates the design, implementation, and effects of public policy. It uses the tools and research methods of economics, sociology, political science and other disciplines to examine policy.” The government must define the legal environment for business to ensure those in the business, the community, and customers are treated fairly and honestly.

Government must define the legal environment for business for two important reasons. One the legal environment…


Commonly Used Public Services

All articles are written or co-written by Vincent Triola

Photo by Andy Feliciotti on Unsplash

Public service is defined as a service provided by the government to the public either directly or through the public sector organizations. These are public goods in some cases that are provided to the public (Denhardt & Denhardt, 2007). In most of the cases, public services are services in real sense that serve the citizens. Most people use different public services on a daily basis to carry out the routine activities in an effective and easy manner such as,

Transportation: Transportation service like buses, tempo etc. …


An Explanation of Human Behavior

All articles are written or co-written by Vincent Triola

Photo by Diego PH on Unsplash

The science of Psychology has its roots in philosophy and religion. During the Age of Enlightenment Psychology began to distinguish itself from religion and philosophy. This differentiation with Psychology from religion and philosophy corresponds with the use of the scientific method and the growth of many sciences (Goodwin, 2008).

Psychology was rooted in examinations of the body and researchers started theorizing about the connections between the mind and body. Early researchers would create theories focused on showing connections between how the body moved and acted and how this action corresponded with…


Counterproductive Policies & Laws

All articles are written or co-written by Vincent Triola

Photo by R.D. Smith on Unsplash

Society considers child sexual offenders to be one of the worst criminal elements. This is due to the fact that child sex crimes have horrific long-lasting effects including: “psychological dysfunction, self-esteem loss, and negative lifestyle impacts” (Woodhams, Gillett, & Grant, 2007). These negative views and impacts on victims have led to implementation of stiff penalties for crimes against children. However, the heinous nature of these crimes has also led to policies that are based on emotion rather than evidence and this is often counterproductive for stopping the problem.

Lack of Definition

One of the…


Institutional Engagement Practices

All articles are written or co-written by Vincent Triola

Photo by Priscilla Du Preez on Unsplash

Institutional engagement practices that support the relationships between internal stakeholders and external stakeholders are typically part of a broad-scale strategic planning process. Some of these practices include: community-based forums, a clearly defined vision and mission, as well as developing committees that are inclusive of both internal and external stakeholders (State of Victoria, 2011). One method that has proven extremely beneficial as a engagement practices is the use of surveys that are used to develop and identify initiatives and strategies for the institution.

Another practice that enhances engagement is to engage influential…

Ismael Fernandez

Author of DIY, small business, self-help, and academic content.

Get the Medium app

A button that says 'Download on the App Store', and if clicked it will lead you to the iOS App store
A button that says 'Get it on, Google Play', and if clicked it will lead you to the Google Play store