A Sociological Analysis

A Conflict Theory Perspective

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Sexism is a pervasive and mutable form of prejudice and discrimination impacting women in a variety of ways, but perhaps the most impactful is constant bombardment of messages promoting sexist ideology through advertising. In accordance with conflict theory, advertising often works maintains and reinforces social inequality between men and women by promoting and reinforcing traditional or status quo thinking through messages embedded in media. These advertising messages indoctrinate women and men with the idea of women’s subservience to men by using women as sex objects and reflecting them in roles lacking equal status. …


Billiard Shots: Targeting & Alignment

Shooting Straight & Pocketing Shots

Gripping the Stick

People learn to hold their sticks in various ways and this practice takes time to develop but when first learning I suggest holding the back of the cue, (the rubber end) so when you lean forward to set up for the shot, the arm holding the rear part of the cue will bend 90 degrees at the elbow. The hand hand-holding the front of the stick should be about 4 to 6 inches away from the tip of the cue. …


Freud’s and Jung’s Theories

All articles are written or co-written by Vincent Triola

By Max Halberstadt — [ Christie's], Public Domain

Sigmund Freud’s psychodynamic perspective rests on three important assumptions of the mind’s workings including cognitive design, subconscious, and conflict between the minds cognitive elements.

Cognitive Design

The first concept is the belief that an individual’s action is determined by his or her thoughts, emotions, and desires and the way these attributes connect and work in the mind. These behavioral causes are based on Freud’s theory of how the human mind is designed, e.g., id, ego, superego. The id is the base or instinctual portion of the mind, while the ego is the rational…


What’s the Difference?

All articles are written or co-written by Vincent Triola

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Paraphrasing is not the act of summarizing a story or idea. Paraphrasing is the successful conversion of a subject into a writer’s own thoughts and words. As a practice, paraphrasing requires mastery of a subject. Without mastery of the knowledge, a writer will only repeat the idea using synonyms to restate the concept. An example of lack of subject mastery is readily seen in student passage:

Yet the resulting information can be warped for five reasons: ending a study too soon, not publishing negative results, publishing results too early, skimming over…


Why is benchmarking Important in public policy formulation?

All articles are written or co-written by Vincent Triola

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Benchmarking is the process of comparing a business’s processes and performance metrics to industry bests and/or best practices from other industries. There are many points of comparison which are not limited to measures of quality, time, and cost. Benchmarking seeks to make improvements from these comparisons by learning the means for performing activities better, faster, more efficiently, and with less cost.

Benchmarking evolved out of businesses seeking to strengthen their market positions or to gain competitive advantage. There are many examples of benchmarking with the auto industry as one of the…


The Significance of the Model in Democracy

All articles are written or co-written by Vincent Triola

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The pluralist model of democracy was designed to explain the function of democracy in spite of limited political interest or participation. The pluralistic model is based on the philosophy of pluralism which states that people often form groups in accordance with economic, religious, ethnic, or cultural interests or similarities. Institutions are formed and thrive in group participation. In example, people with similar interests form interest groups to sway politicians to with their interests.

The classic perspective of pluralism sees government as the decision making authority with political parties and non-government groups…


Why Public Administrators Need to Be More Transparent When Dealing With Constituents And Stakeholders

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Consumers are treated differently in the private sector than the public sector for a variety of reasons. Privately owned businesses are more intimate and require more customer service because the business relies more heavily on customers. In the public sector, a public service tend to lack customer service skills since the service being offered is seen as necessity for the customer. This defines the difference between private and sector services in that private sector is dependent upon the customer and public sector is not. This is root problem in the public sector that goes to the heart of inefficiency and…


Public & Private Sector Policy-making Processes

All articles are written or co-written by Vincent Triola

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Constituents are a measure of government quality because people help to determine the overall success of programs, services, and businesses. When constituents’ are pleased with the services provided this seems to be indicative of a well-run program. However, this is only one measure of program or policy success. Other factors must be taken into account such policy outputs, financial success vs. number of outputs, and efficiency.

The differences between public and private sector policy-making processes is that public policy making must take into considerations such as policy standards, how clients are…


The Need for a Public Policy Environment

All articles are written or co-written by Vincent Triola

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According to Hidano (2002) “Public policy refers to the range of decisions and actions that governments take to address public problems. Public policy analysis evaluates the design, implementation, and effects of public policy. It uses the tools and research methods of economics, sociology, political science and other disciplines to examine policy.” The government must define the legal environment for business to ensure those in the business, the community, and customers are treated fairly and honestly.

Government must define the legal environment for business for two important reasons. One the legal environment…


Commonly Used Public Services

All articles are written or co-written by Vincent Triola

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Public service is defined as a service provided by the government to the public either directly or through the public sector organizations. These are public goods in some cases that are provided to the public (Denhardt & Denhardt, 2007). In most of the cases, public services are services in real sense that serve the citizens. Most people use different public services on a daily basis to carry out the routine activities in an effective and easy manner such as,

Transportation: Transportation service like buses, tempo etc. …

Ismael Fernandez

Author of DIY, small business, self-help, and academic content.

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